Essay on why Independence Day is celebrated on 15th August

The freedom we celebrate at home is not what we get today. The date on which 15th August falls, we all rejoice and consider Independence Day as a historic festival, has its own historical story. Although very few people know this, today we are all going to unravel this mystery through this essay.

Long essay on why Independence Day is celebrated on 15th August in English

1400 word essay


The period between 1857 and 15th August 1947, the first Indian War of Independence, was a difficult one for the countrymen. The countrymen made many sacrifices to liberate the country from the British rule. After many agitations and battles, we reached the memorable date of August 15, 1947. We have lost many daughters of Mother India to complete this difficult journey. The eyes of many have fallen asleep waiting for this day, but those great souls must have got the joy of sacrificing their lives for the country on the independent evening of 15th August 1947.

Struggle for independence till 15th August 1947

By the way, the British came to India in the late 15th century and a few years later in 1600 John Watts and George White founded the East India Company. Gradually the British began to think of the Indian monarchy. In 1750, the East India Company began interfering in the political affairs of India. Against which the Nawab of Bengal Siraj-ud-Daulah fought the battle of Plassey on 23 June 1757 with Robert Clive, the leader of the British East India Company. In this battle Siraj-ud-Daulah was defeated and the rule of East India Company was established over the whole of India.

Over time, revolutionary sentiments also began to grow among the people, the result of which we saw in the Revolution of 1857, which resulted in the fall of the East India Company from India in 1858. After that, the control of British rule over India was established. After this, the brave sons born on the land of India sacrificed their lives in the name of the country and brought the year of India till the morning of 15th August 1947.

The reason for celebrating Independence Day on 15th August

In addition to declaring full independence from the Indian National Congress in 1929, it was decided that 26th January would be celebrated as Independence Day every year from now on and then from 1930 to 1947, 26th January would be celebrated as Independence Day. The British government was economically weakened after World War II. The Labor Party won the British elections in Britain in 1945 and the British felt it was right to return power to India.

According to the British plan, India would gain independence on June 30, 1948, but at the same time, the issue of partition of India and Pakistan between Nehru and Jinnah was gaining momentum. At Jinnah’s request to Pakistan, the decision to grant independence to India was taken on 15th August 1947, seeing the situation of ethnic conflict among the people.

Who chose August 15 as the date of independence and why?

After World War II, the British had to accept that they would not be able to rule India for long. In February 1947, under pressure from Indian leaders and revolutionaries, Lord Mountbatten was named the last Viceroy of India and was given the task of transferring power to India. According to Lord Mountbatten, there are two reasons for choosing August 15 for independence.

  • In his book Freedom at Midnight, written by Larry Calling and Dominic Lapierre on India’s independence, he states that Mountbatten chose August 15 so that anyone who asked could show that he was in control. He had not decided everything yet, only thought that it would be appropriate to give power to India in August or September.
  • One of the reasons for choosing August 15 was that Mountbatten liked August 15 so much that King Hirohito of Japan announced his surrender by radio in 1945. And at that time Mountbatten was the commander of the Allies.

Why did India get independence on 15th August at 12 noon?

On 4 July 1947, Mountbatten introduced the Indian Independence Bill in the British House of Commons. The bill was immediately approved by the British Parliament and India was declared independent on 15 August 1947.

The great freedom fighters and leaders who believed in religious beliefs and astrology were found coming together on August 15 at 7.30 pm for Chaturdashi and Amavasya, which was seen as an ominous time. He later found that the 14th and 17th were auspicious, so he wanted to complete the task of independence on the 14th but later found out that Mountbatten was to go to Karachi for transfer to Pakistan on the 14th and return to India late at night. Decided to celebrate Independence Day. Despite this, the British Parliament declared India’s independence on 15 August.

Now, in this time of crisis, the well-known historian and Malayalee scholar K.M. Explaining the situation, Pannikar said that the time for the Constituent Assembly could be from 11 a.m. to 12 midnight on the 14th, as the British say the day starts at 12 p.m. Hindu calendar, new day starts at 12 midnight. According to this measure, India got full independence on 15th August 1947 at 12 midnight.

Indian reaction to independence on 15th August 1947

It was a moment that every Indian wanted to capture forever in their hearts. The joy was so great that it was hard for people to express in words. The way he came to express happiness, he did it. Some were playing drums outside the house while others were playing patriotic songs and dancing in the streets. There was a different kind of excitement in the people as if they had received heaven while living.

In the streets, in the corners of the streets, people stood ready with speeches on freedom. He was talking about patriotism and freedom. Only patriotic songs were playing on the radio. In this excitement, forgetting everything, the children, women and elders also became patriotic. All the houses and buildings in the country, big and small, were decorated with colorful clothes.

What came to the minds of the people on the morning of 16th August?

A large crowd had gathered at the Red Fort to hear Jawaharlal Nehru’s speech. The white hat on everyone’s head seemed to be flowing from the road. On the morning of the second day of independence, the external system was the same as before because the officials in the administration were the same but the real change was in the sentiments of the people.

People were starting to feel completely free now. He was very happy that from now on he could decide his own life. He was now free from British slavery and felt like a free bird flying over the Indian subcontinent.


After many decades of tireless efforts and millions of sacrifices, the morning of 15th August 1947 brought revival to all Indians. Those who lost loved ones in this struggle are proud of their sacrifices today. Everyone felt happy with tears in their eyes and smiles on their lips. Today we salute all the great souls who gave us the gift of an independent India and at the same time we pledge that we will remain as devoted to them as any great calamity befalls Mother India in future. Country

FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1 – When did the British declare India’s independence?

Answer: India’s independence was declared by the British on 18th July 1947, but independence came on 15th August.

Question 2 – What speech did Jawaharlal Nehru give on India’s independence?

Answer: Jawaharlal Nehru, while addressing the Constituent Assembly, delivered a speech entitled ‘Tryst with Destiny’.

Question 3 – When was the flag of India first hoisted?

Answer: The Indian flag was first hoisted in 1906.

Question 4 – When was the Indian National Anthem adopted?

Answer: The Indian National Anthem was adopted in 1950.

Question 5 – When did Goa become independent from Portugal?

North – Goa became independent from Portugal in 1961.

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