India is motherland of many great people. Whenever we think about Indian great people the first name comes in our mind is Swami Vivekananda. Swami Vivekananda is famous not in India only but he has large numbers of followers in the world too.
Swami Vivekananda was born in holy land of India. He is also speared Indian cultured in world with is ability of great spiritual knowledge.Swami Vivekananda shows the new path to world with Indian culture,literature and philosophy.Let’s know everything about Swami Vivekananda.
|Date Of Birth||12th February 1863|
|Place Of Birth||Gauremohan, Kolkata ( West Bengal)|
|Father Name||Vishvanath Datta|
|Mother Name||Bhuvneshvari Devi|
|Childhood Name||Narendra vishvanath datta|
|Name Of Guru(Teacher)||Ramakrishna paramahansh|
|Best Friend||Ajit singh|
|Date Of Death||6th August 1886|
|Place Of Death||Belur, West Bengal|
Early Life Of Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda was born on 12th February 1863 at 06:35 o’clock early in the morning at Goremohan Mukharji street, kolkata(which was capital of British area),India. His Mother name was Bhuvneshvari Devi and Father’s name was vishvanath Datt. Vivekananda’s childhood name was Narendra. during the childhood Narendra shows his sign of brilliants.
Narendra’s father was barrister at kolkata high court.And his mother Bhuvneshvari Devi also believed in all religions. His family also worshiped Lord Shiva. Vivekanda’s mother always involved in religion works so she is pure heart soul and always gave advised to do good act of works.
Since Childhood, Narendra was very intelligent and naughty behavior child.He used to do many naughtiness with his friends but did not no mischief with his teacher even if he got chances.Vivekananda’s mother was very fond of listening to Purana, Ramayana, Mahabharata and many more religious books.because of her mother mother’s religious propensity.Storytellers also come to their house,Bhajan-Kirtan was also done regularly at Vivekananda’s home.Due to the influence of the religion and spirituality atmosphere in the family,the importance of the religious and spirituality deepened in the mind of narendra. Due to the rites and religious atmosphere of the parents,the child’s desire to know and receive god was visible in the child’d mind from childhood.sometimes in the eagerness to know about god,he used to ask such questions that his parents and narrator used to get confused even to panditji.
At the age of eight in 1871 Narendra started his school at Ishwar Chandra Vidhyasagar’s metropolitan institution in Raipur. His family moved to Raipur until 1877. After returning to kolkata in 1879 Narendra got admission in the presidency collage where he got first class division in entrance exam. he was only the got first class division in the first class.Narendra was very sharpe at reading He used to reading of philosophy, religion, history, social science, art and literature. He had also great intrest in Hindu scriptures, including the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the Puranas. Narendra was trained in Indian classical music, and regularly participated in physical exercise, sports and organised activities.
Relationship between Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda
Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda’s relationship dates back to the early 19th century when Ramakrishna’s predecessor, Chidananda, set up a Hindu monastic institution. The new institute was named after Ramakrishna and his close student Swami Vivekananda.
Ramakrishna was also inspired by Vivekananda’s teachings on poverty, indifference and simplicity. The two stood in opposition to the Indian Aryan aristocracy which emphasized pride, honor and possession over spiritual values.
Swami Vivekananda saw himself as a messenger of a new India. With a simple faith in the nature of truth, the spirit and the individual soul, he believed that a new spiritual message would take root in the hearts of the people.
Spiritual leaders before he had left spiritual seeds on the surface of this vast country. Their work had left the land barren but spiritually rich. Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda believed that the spiritual teachings of Swami Vivekananda were to be carried to the people.
When Swami Vivekananda established his ashram in Poona, it became the center of religious life in the state. In addition to his popular writings and religious texts, the ashram was home to a large number of different sects of Hinduism. The ashram offered intellectual as well as religious instruction for free.
Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda saw the office of an ashram as being more than a place for spiritual activities. They wanted a larger stage for Hinduism to flourish. Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda called upon all religions to accept each other in the name of unity. They knew that the resurgence of religion would bring in a renaissance to Hinduism.
Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda believed that the revival of Hinduism could only come through India’s unification. From this point, a common spiritual message would spread across the world. That message would take root in every culture and make Hinduism a universal religion.
Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda also saw a need for the new school of yoga, which they established. The primary focus of the new school was meditation and a return to physical nature.
Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda considered the India of today as a spiritual nation where religious teachings would be used to heal the poor and teach people the true nature of spirituality. Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda founded the Bhakti movement, which quickly spread across the country.
With the exception of one or two people, everyone in India knew about Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda. Ramakrishna was the deity worshipped in India but Swami Vivekananda became a man of the masses, a sort of guru of the masses.
Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda stood at the center of Hinduism in India. Both were leaders who helped unite the Hindu people.
Swami Vivekananda at the Parliament of the World’s Religions (1893)
“Religion not the Crying Need of India” Address was delivered by Swami Vivekananda in the following words, “I do not like to receive a hundred lectures on religion. I have enough to learn from my saints and I am sure that I will learn something. No in-depth study of the history of the world is needed to know that there are millions of Hindus who love their country and feel proud of their nationality. In the pluralistic India, religious differences should be kept apart.”
The arts and the philosophy of the world’s sufferers and dreamers have an important place in the books of Swami Vivekananda at the Parliament of the World’s Religions (1893). To enrich the life of mankind, he has devoted his time and effort. He has sent books to all those who are benefited by these fields.
Swami Vivekananda visited Britain and America, where he met Queen Victoria and Franklin D. Roosevelt. He was the first foreigner to visit that castle. He was the first on earth to experience the Amritsar festival, which celebrates the freedom struggle.
“It was discovered at the same time by Swami Vivekananda, who wants all the people to know about their duties towards their fellows. He knows more about India than anyone else”. His second book called God: A Study is probably the best book of his life.
“Swami Vivekananda has a secret of a perfect life that will enable him to be a good preacher. He has a vision to give a new perspective to the religious life. He sees, all religions are not for the propagation of Christianity or Islam, but for the justice of humanity and that is why he has dedicated his life to the spreading of the message of love of God.”
He visited the Western Hemisphere with the Vatican, because he wanted to explain to all the peoples of America and Europe how wonderful it is to live in India. He was known to all who witnessed his tours in India. That was because of his earnest desire to uplift all to the ideals of good living and religion.
According to his disciple Vivekananda wake up early in the morning on 4th of july 1902. He went to Belur Math and do meditation for 3 hours. After that he tough some topic of Sanskrit to his students. Later he went to Ramakrishna math at 7 o’clock. He went to his room and asked to do not disturb him. Swami Vivekananda passed away while he was doing meditation at 09:20 according to his disciple.