Ram Barat is one of the major festivals celebrated in North India. Mainly it is a part of Ramlila drama in which Ramji’s procession is taken out with great pomp across the city. Although it is organized in many places, but its grandest event is seen in Agra, where it was organized for the first time about 125 years ago.
Ram Baraat is made up of two words Ram and Baraat, which means Ramji’s procession. This festival is celebrated to commemorate the marriage of Lord Shri Ram and Mata Sita. In this festival, decorated tableaux are rotated across the city and thousands of people gather to see this tableau.
In the year 2019, the festival of Ram Barat started on 17th September, Mangal and ended on 19th September, Thursday.
Why celebrate Ram Barat? (Why Do We Celebrate Rambarat)
This festival of Ram Barat, which lasts for three days, is one of the main festivals of Hinduism. The grandest event of this festival is seen in Agra. Fairs are also organized during this time, due to which a large number of devotees gather to see the festival of Ram Barat.
This festival is celebrated to commemorate the marriage ceremony of Lord Rama and Mother Sita. A procession in the form of a tableau is taken out in this festival. In which Lord Shri Ram and his brother Lakshmana, Bharata, Shatrughan go to Janakpuri to participate in Sita Swayamvar sitting on a chariot.
The tableau of the marriage of Lord Rama and Mata Sita throughout this festival is carried far and wide in the areas of the city. There are a large number of people behind the tableau, who come to see Lord Shri Ram. Actually it is a part of Ramlila drama. This is the reason why it is celebrated with so much pomp in India.
How Rambarat is Celebrated – Custom and Tradition (How Do We Celebrate Rambarat – Custom and Tradition of Rambarat)
This festival of Ram Barat, which lasts for three days, is celebrated with great pomp. Since then, many changes have taken place in the grand Ram Barat held in Agra in the year 1940, but even today its purpose is the same, this festival has done a very special job of increasing love and harmony among the people because in this festival almost People of all religions take part.
In Ram Barat, Ramlila Pandal is decorated in a grand manner as a marriage ceremony. During this, the tableau of Lord Shri Ram and Mother Sita is decorated and rotated in the city. In which thousands of devotees also accompany him. Its grandest form is seen in Agra, where people from far and wide come to see this festival.
The Ram Barat of Agra, known as the most prominent Ram Barat of North India, has also got the title of the biggest Ram Barat of Uttar Pradesh. It is estimated that crores of rupees are spent in this event.
In this program, part of the city is decorated as Janakpuri and a huge palace of King Janak is built at that place. This is the reason why this region is called Janakpuri. During this, grand decoration of the entire area is done and lakhs of people gather on the occasion.
The history of this Ram Barat event in Agra is hundreds of years old. During Ram Baraat, a grand procession is taken out with Ram, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrudhna seated on elephant-horses. The procession is accompanied by a band-baja, a variety of tableaux and a crowd of lakhs of people.
In this festival, the bridegroom Shri Ram and his brothers Lakshmana, Bharat, Shatrughan are worshiped and after that they are seated on the chariot. A gem studded crown and special clothes are worn in it. In this festival, the equestrians go ahead carrying the flag of Raghuvansh. Behind it is the chariot of Ganesh ji, the destroyer of obstacles.
Throughout the journey, people shower flowers on these chariots at many places. Many big administrative officials and politicians of the city also participate in this program. Along with this, various forms of Hanuman ji are also seen in many places in this festival. Mainly this program of Ram Baraat lasts for three to five days and it ends after Sita ji’s swayamvara.
Modern Tradition of Rambarat
In today’s time, many changes have come in the celebration of Ram Barat as compared to earlier. In today’s time, this festival of Ram Barat is very popular among the people and it is very much liked by the people.
Earlier, where it was organized in a small scale only in some places, in today’s time its level has become very big and it is organized with great pomp in many places across the country. In the earlier times, this festival used to be only a small part of Ramlila, but in today’s time it has become a separate festival in itself, which lasts continuously for three to five days.
In today’s time, people eagerly wait for this festival because its trim is very attractive. This type of enthusiasm is rarely seen in the entire Ramlila staging. However, in today’s time, many evil practices have also been added to the celebration of Ram Barat, due to which its real importance is decreasing day by day.
In today’s time, loudspeakers and DJs are used in many places by Ram Barat congregations, which is a major source of noise pollution. Along with this, obscene orchestras are also organized on this holy occasion in many places in today’s time, which work to put a discount in the glory of this festival. If we want to maintain the importance of this festival, then we have to make every effort to maintain its cultural and traditional form.
Significance of Rambarat
Ram Barat is a major part of Ramlila staging, in which the Swayamvara of Lord Shri Ram and Mother Sita is shown. In fact in earlier times this festival was an important part of the entertainment of the people. In many places this festival is also known as Vivah Panchami.
In this festival, Lord Shri Ram, Bharat, Lakshmana, Shatrughan and their gurus Vashistha, Vishwamitra and other processions also participate in the form of bridegroom. The celebration of Ram Baraat forms an important part of the Ramlila drama. It depicts the marriage of Lord Shri Ram and Mother Sita.
This festival also displays the Gangajamuni tehzeeb of India because when the tableau of Ram Barat comes out of Muslim areas, then Muslims also shower flowers on the tableau of Lord Ram. It makes us realize that even if people have different religions, but our festivals are one and there is no discrimination for us in this. This is the reason why it is given so much importance by the people.
History of Rambarat
Although the history of Ram Barat is very old because it has always been a major part of Ramlila staging, but its grandest form was started about 125 years ago. When Lala Kokamal who was a prominent trader in his area. For the first time, Ram Barat was organized so royally by him. Due to these efforts, the name of this route of Ram procession was changed to Lala Kokamal Marg.
When Lala Kokamal died in the year 1966, this program was organized by his son Radharaman. In today’s time, the importance of this festival has increased a lot and it is organized with great pomp.
A large number of people gather in the program of this Ram Barat which lasts for three days. In fact, historically this program is a cultural performance of a special Ramlila. In which Shri Ram is staged to go to Ayodhya with his brothers Lakshmana, Bharata, Shatrughan with their guru Vashistha and Vishwamitra. This festival is celebrated with great pomp in many places of North India.
This festival serves to display the cultural heritage and history of brotherhood of India, this is the reason why when the Ram Barat festival was organized for the first time in Agra, about 125 years ago, it was attended by people of almost all religions. had participated.
Since then, many changes have taken place in the form of this festival, but its importance remains the same today and even today it is displaying its objective of unity in diversity as before. At present, due to the efforts of Lala Kokamal’s grandson Hari Kishan Aggarwal, the nature of Ram Barat organized in Agra is even more grand.