Raksha Bandhan Festival in English

Raksha Bandhan is one of the most sacred and important festivals of Hinduism. This festival is dedicated to brotherhood and cooperation. The festival of Raksha Bandhan is celebrated on the full moon of the month of Shravan, hence it is also known as Shravani or Saluno in many places. In today’s time, this festival is mainly dedicated to the brother-sister relationship, but in many places, Brahmins also tie Rakhi to their host.

Along with this, sometimes Rakhi is also tied to a leader or eminent persons in public. In fact, this festival of Raksha Bandhan is a festival showing the faith and power of human feelings. This is the reason why this festival is celebrated with so much fervor by the Hindu community almost all over the world.

Raksha Bandhan 2022 – (Raksha Bandhan 2022)

In the year 2021, the festival of Raksha Bandhan will be celebrated on 22nd August, Sunday.

Why celebrate Raksha Bandhan? (Why Do We Celebrate Raksha Bandhan)

According to the Hindu calendar, this unique festival of Raksha Bandhan is celebrated every year on the full moon day of Shravan month. On this holy festival, sisters tie rakhi to their brothers and pray for their well being and ask for the promise of their protection.

Although apart from this, there has been a practice of tying Rakhi by the disciples to their Guru and Brahmins to their hosts, but in today’s time its practice is rarely seen. There are many beliefs about celebrating the festival of Raksha Bandhan. But in reality, this festival of Raksha Bandhan serves to display the power of human feelings as well as display the power of commitment.

Rakhi was tied to Indradev

There are many mythological and historical stories about the festival of Raksha Bandhan. It is from these stories that the present form of Raksha Bandhan has been decided. According to a story described in Bhavishya Purana-

Once there was a fierce battle between the gods and the demons. The Asuras had the upper hand in this battle and the defeat of the gods seemed certain. Frightened by this, Devraj Indra went to Devguru Brihaspati. Then Devguru Brihaspati suggested him that he should go to war by getting his wife Indrani tied with a rakshasutra. As per the advice of his guru, Indra did the same and because of the mantra power of Rakshasutra, he conquered the Asuras.

When Queen Karnavati sent Rakhi to Humayun

A historical legend is also very famous in relation to Rakhi. According to which, Mewar queen Karnavati got prior information about the attack of Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat on her kingdom. Rani Karmavati did not have enough military power to fight Bahadur Shah, so she sent Rakhi to Mughal emperor Humayun and prayed for the protection of herself and her kingdom.

Despite being a Muslim, Humayun, keeping the honor of Rakhi, considered Queen Karnavati as his sister and reached Mewar to protect her and protected Queen Karnavati and her kingdom while fighting with Bahadur Shah.

How Raksha Bandhan is celebrated – Custom and Tradition of Raksha Bandhan Festival

On the day of Raksha Bandhan, sisters tie a thread of protection to their brothers and take a promise of their protection from them, this day is a public holiday. So that brothers and sisters get time to meet each other if they are far away and celebrate this festival of Raksha Bandhan.

If brothers and sisters are not able to meet each other on this day, then Rakhi is also sent by sisters to their brothers by courier or post. Generally, Rakhi is sent to the people working in the army by their sisters by post or courier.

There is a special way to celebrate the festival of Raksha Bandhan, according to which we should celebrate this festival. First of all, on the day of Raksha Bandhan, brothers and sisters take bath in the morning and worship God. After this, Rori, Akshat, Kumkum and Deep are lit in a plate by the sister.

After that sisters perform aarti of their brothers and rakhi is tied to them, wishing them long life and prosperity. After this, brothers promise their sisters to protect them and present them with gifts of their choice.

In earlier times, on the festival of Raksha Bandhan, priests used to tie Rakhi to their hosts and wish them well for their welfare and progress, although even today this practice is followed in many places. In this practice, the priest used to tie a rakshasutra to his host as well as recite a special mantra. This mantra is chanted even today when the Raksha Bandhan is tied in the temples. This mantra is something like this-

,Yen Badho Bali: King Danavendra Mahabalah.

Ten tvambhibadhnami raksha ma chal ma chal.,

Which means that the way the king of demons Bali was tied in the rakshasutra. That’s how I bind you. O Protect! You are not moving, you are not moving. According to scholars, when a Brahmin or a priest ties a rakshasutra to his host, then through its mantra he says that “In the rakshasutra in which the mighty kings of the demons were sacrificed and were used in religion, in the same thread I bind you to religion.” and tells the defense source that O Raksha! You stand still, be steady.”

Modern Tradition of Raksha Bandhan

In today’s time, there has been a lot of change in the festival of Raksha Bandhan than before. In the earlier times, this festival was celebrated by the Guru-disciple, priest and host and relatives, but in today’s time, the festival of Raksha Bandhan is mainly dedicated to the brother-sister relationship. This festival serves to strengthen this sacred relationship of brother and sister even more.

The festival of Raksha Bandhan is also very entertaining, on this many attractive gifts are also given by brothers to their sisters. In today’s time, girls and women soldiers posted on the army are also tied Rakhi in mass programs or Rakhi is sent to them by post, this is done by them to protect us on the borders of the country. Along with this, rakhi is also tied to trees by the people to take a pledge to protect the trees and the environment.

However, along with many good changes, there have also been many negative changes in the festival of Raksha Bandhan. In earlier times, Rakshasutra used to be a simple silk thread, but in today’s time, different types of Rakshasutra are sold on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan. Many of these Rakshasutras are also made of gold and silver, whose price is very high.

In fact, it has become a way of showcasing its wealth. We have to understand this, the importance of Raksha is related to the feelings and belief of its binder and its wearer and not from what the Rakshasutra is made of.

Significance of Raksha Bandhan

The festival of Raksha Bandhan makes us realize how much power there is in emotions. Raksha Sutra is the power of feelings bound by a sister to her brother. Which makes him realize that this thread of Rakshasutra will protect him in dire circumstances, in the same way the sister is promised by the brother that he will try to protect her in every calamity.

Raksha Bandhan is a festival that shows us the importance of faith and the power of emotions. We get to see this importance of this festival in the historical and mythological beliefs associated with it, whether it is the story related to Indra or the protection of both Karnavati and Humayun and the work of showing the power of emotion associated with it. This is the reason why this festival of Raksha Bandhan has got such an important place in Hindu culture.

History of Raksha Bandhan

The history of the festival of Raksha Bandhan is quite ancient. There are many beliefs about the origin of this festival. There are many mythological and historical stories related to the beginning of Raksha Bandhan.

Story of Raksha Bandhan of Indra Dev

A story related to Raksha Bandhan is described in Bhavishyontar Purana. According to which, once the gods started getting defeated in the Devasura battle, Indra asked Devguru Brihaspati for its solution. On this, Devguru Brihaspati gave him a Rakshasutra full of magic power and said that get it tied on the wrist of your wife and go to war, by doing this you will definitely win. Accepting his words, Indra did the same and returned victorious from the war.

When King Bali was tied in a rakshasa

This legend related to the origin of Raksha Bandhan is one of the most famous tales. According to which, when King Bali of the Asuras tried to snatch the kingdom of heaven by performing a hundred Ashwamedha sacrifices, all the gods including Indra prayed to Lord Vishnu, then Lord Vishnu took the form of Vamana and reached King Bali’s door.

Where King Bali asked his wish, Vishnu in the form of Vamana said, O king! I want three steps of earth. When King Bali accepted his wish, Lord Vishnu, the form of Vamana, assumed the form of a giant and measured the three worlds in two steps.

When Lord Vishnu asked King Bali the place for the third step, he said that Lord, put the third step on my head. Lord Vishnu was very pleased with this devotion and charity and he made King Bali the king of Hades and asked him to ask for a boon. On this, King Bali took Lord Vishnu’s promise to be in front of him day and night.

When Lord Vishnu did not return to Baikunth even after a long time, Lakshmi ji got upset and prayed to Goddess Narada for help, then Devarshi Narada told her the way to free Lord Vishnu from Hades. Following that measure, Lakshmi ji made King Bali his brother by tying him in a rakshasutra and when King Bali asked him to ask for something, she brought back Lord Vishnu by freeing him from King Bali’s word.

It is believed that when Goddess Lakshmi tied Rakhi to King Bali, that day was the full moon of the month of Shravan. This is the reason that the festival of Raksha Bandhan is also known as Balev.

Raksha Bandhan story of Mahabharata period

The festival of Raksha Bandhan finds many mentions in the Mahabharata. When Yudhishthira asked Lord Krishna that, Lord, how can I get over all these obstacles and troubles. So Lord Krishna advised him to celebrate the festival of Rakhi.

Along with this, when Lord Krishna killed Shishupala with the Sudarshan Chakra, then his index finger was injured. Then Draupadi tore her sari and tied a bandage around her finger. Impressed by this act of his, Lord Krishna had promised to protect Draupadi. It is said that the day this incident happened was the day of Shravan Purnima.

The story of Raksha Bandhan related to Alexander

In history, everyone is well acquainted with the war between Sikandar and the majestic king Puruvas of Punjab or who is often known as Porus. According to a legend of Raksha Bandhan, to save Alexander from any mortal attack in battle, his wife had tied a rakhi to King Porus making him her brother and took a promise to protect her husband Sikandar’s life.

 

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