Pitra Paksha Festival inforation In English

Pitru Paksha is an important festival in Hindu culture. This festival is celebrated for the peace of the souls of the dead ancestors. It is celebrated for fifteen days of the Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada month. Pitru Paksha is celebrated by people to express their gratitude towards their ancestors.

In the festival of Pitru Paksha, people visit many important places to perform Shradh for their ancestors. During this, people remember their ancestors and follow all religious rituals with reverence. It is believed that during Pitru Paksha, worshiping ancestors and performing Shradh gives peace to their souls.

Pitra Paksha 2022

In the year 2021, Pitru Paksha will start from Monday, 20 September and its last day i.e. Pitru Visarjan will be celebrated on 6 October, Wednesday.

Why do we celebrate Pitru Paksha? (Why Do We Celebrate Pitra Paksha)

Pitru Paksha or also known as Shradh Paksha has great importance in Hinduism. Celebrated for 15 days in the month of Bhadra, this festival is being celebrated in our country since ancient times because in Sanatan Dharma, ancestors are given equal respect to the gods.

Just as God protects us and helps us in troubles, we are brought up by our ancestors, so we are always indebted to him for this life and according to the beliefs, whoever is the father with dedication and gratitude. Follows religious rituals in favor, his ancestors show him the path of liberation.

According to the beliefs of Hinduism, there are three types of debt on every human being-

1.parental debt

2.god loan

3.sage loan

Pitra debt is the biggest of these three debts, there is a belief in Hinduism that by the actions done in Pitru Paksha, the soul of our ancestors gets peace and the person who does it gets freedom from Pitra debt. Because it is also mentioned in the Gita that until the soul does not combine with its Supreme Soul, it wanders in different species and during this time it gets satisfaction only by performing Shradh. This is the reason why people celebrate Pitru Visarjan for the peace of their ancestors’ souls.

How to celebrate Pitra Paksha – Custom and Tradition of Pitra Paksha

Many special rules are followed during Pitru Paksha. Along with this, many types of special poojas are also organized during this period. The rules of Pitru Paksha are followed very strictly by many people and as long as the Pitru Paksha lasts, meat-liquor and other tamasic food is not taken by them. On the last day of Pitru Paksha i.e. on the day of Pitru Visarjan, people perform Shradh rituals of their ancestors and this is the most important day of the entire Pitru Paksha.

Addiction and non-vegetarian food are considered completely taboo in Pitru Paksha. During this, a person has to perform Shradh by staying completely pure. The work of Shradh cannot be done at night, for this the time of 12 noon to 1 o’clock is considered most suitable. In this Shradh performed on the day of Pitru Visarjan, it is believed that cow, dog, crow, ant and deities should be fed food during Pitru Paksha.

Therefore, while performing Shradh, five pieces of food are taken out to offer to the ancestors because it is believed that the dog is the symbol of water, the ant of the fire, the crow of the air, the cow of the earth and the deity of the sky, in this way we can do these five things. By giving food to us, we express our gratitude towards the five elements. The act of offering these five parts is called Panch Bali.

Modern Tradition of Pitra Paksha

There has been a lot of change in the ways of celebrating Pitru Paksha in today’s time as compared to earlier. In earlier times people celebrated this festival with great reverence. During this time, meat-liquor and vengeful things were not consumed by the people till the entire Pitru Paksha, but in today’s time most of the people do not believe in these beliefs.

During Pitru Paksha a large number of devotees gather at major pilgrimage sites like Varanasi, Gaya, Badrinath, Nashik and Rameshwaram. According to religious beliefs, performing Pitra Visarjan at these places gives special results, especially in Gaya, lakhs of devotees come for Pitra Visarjan.

In earlier times, special care was taken by the people for the cleanliness of the rivers during Pitra Visarjan. Along with this, in earlier times the population was much less than today. Due to which there used to be no such crowd at these pilgrimage places, but in today’s time this situation has become completely opposite. Taxes go away. If we improve these things, then we can make this festival of Pitru Paksha even better.

Significance of Pitra Paksha

Pitru Paksha has been given an important place in Hinduism. According to the Puranas, before pleasing the gods, we should please the ancestors because if our ancestors are not happy, then we will not get the grace of the gods. This is the reason that Pitru Paksha Shradh is performed every year from Bhadrapada Shukla Purnima to Ashwin Krishna Amavasya.

In fact, we celebrate Pitru Paksha in special respect to our departed ancestors and this verse which is recited during Shradh also proves this.

. Mrityorma Amritam Gamay.

This verse means that “Aryama is the best among all the ancestors. Aryama is the god of ancestors. My regards to Aryama. Hey! Father, grandfather and great father. Hey! Mothers, mothers and children, and you also have the respect. You lead us from death to nectar.”

This festival makes us realize that our life has been given to us by our ancestors and it is our duty to follow the rituals of Shradh Karma according to our religion for the peace of their soul.

History of Pitra Paksha

The history of Pitru Paksha festival is very ancient and many mythological and historical stories are prevalent about its origin. According to the legend of Pitru Paksha, Joge and Bhoge were two brothers. Both used to live in different houses, on one side Joge was very rich and Bhoge was poor but both the brothers had a lot of love. Joge’s wife was proud of wealth, but Bhoge’s wife was very simple hearted.

When Joge’s wife asked him to perform Shradh for ancestors, Joge tried to avoid it considering it to be a futile task, but his wife understood that if he does not do this, then people will make things up. Then he saw this as an opportune time to invite his family members for a feast and to show his pride.

On this she said that you are saying this because of my trouble, but I will not have any problem in this. I will call Bhoge’s wife and together we will do all the work. After this he sent Joge to his in-laws’ house to invite him.

On his call the next day, Bhoge’s wife came to work in the morning and after completing all the work, she came to her house because she too had to offer sacrifices to the ancestors in her house. Thus it was noon and when the ancestors came down to earth, they saw that Joge’s in-laws were busy with his in-laws’ food.

When he went to Joge’s place, but he did not have anything, so his wife had burnt the fire in the name of the ancestors. The ancestors licked Agiari’s ashes and went to the bank of the river hungry. On this, the ancestors of Joge-Bhoge thought that if Bhoge was rich, he would not have to starve. Thinking all this, all the ancestors blessed the person that he should become rich and his poverty should be removed.

By the grace of the ancestors, the house of the Bhoge was filled with gold and silver, but the Bhoge did not feel proud after getting the money. After this, on the next day of Shradh, Bhoge’s wife prepared fifty-six types of dishes, called Brahmins to do Shradh and gave them Dakshina after feeding them. Due to this act of Bhoge and his wife, his ancestors became very happy and satisfied.

Historians believe that this ritual of Pitru Paksha and Shradh is being carried by the Vedic period. In ancient times, people have been celebrating this festival for the peace of the soul of their ancestors because they believe that without satisfying the ancestors, a person cannot get success in his life and the grace of the gods.

 

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