Krishna Janmashtami Festival: The festival of Krishna Janmashtami is one of the major festivals of India. This festival is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Lord Shri Krishna. This festival is dedicated to the works and ideals done for the human welfare of Lord Shri Krishna. It is believed that Lord Shri Krishna was born on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksha of Bhadra month, which is why this festival of Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated on this day.
This festival is celebrated with great pomp not only in India but also abroad. Various programs are organized on this day at different places across the country and people sing songs in praise of Lord Krishna and worship him while staying awake till midnight.
In the year 2021, the festival of Janmashtami will be celebrated on 30 August, Monday.
Janmashtami Puja Muhurta in 2022
This year the Muhurta of worship is 45 minutes, which will start from 11.59 pm and will continue till 12.44 pm.
Special on Krishna Janmashtami 2019
It is worth seeing in the markets on the occasion of Janmashtami, how people are enthusiastically buying the idols of Lord Shri Krishna and other worship materials. Various programs are being organized in the schools.
Students rehearse various programs dressed up like Lord Shri Krishna and Radha and eagerly wait for this festival to express their affection towards their beloved God.
Many temples and residential areas have started preparations for this. Tents are being built, pundits are being called for worship and orders are being placed in shops in advance to distribute sweets in the form of prasad.
A grand festival is organized in Mathura, the birthplace of Shri Krishna. Mathura Municipal Corporation is making tireless efforts to decorate the entire city with LED and colored lights.
The existing roads in an area of about 4 Km from the birth place of Shri Krishna will be illuminated with 450 LED lights and on this occasion to ensure cleanliness in the city, the Municipal Corporation has increased the daily shifts of Safai Karamcharis. Dustbins have been installed all over the city and tourists are being requested not to throw garbage on the road.
Dahi Handi, held in Mumbai on the occasion of Janmashtami, is popular in India as well as all over the world, and preparations are being made at different places in the city by hanging high-rise ropes filled with earthen pots, curd and butter. Huh.
Why is Janmashtami celebrated? (Why Do We Celebrate Janmashtami)
Along with India, the festival of Janmashtami is celebrated with great pomp in many other countries as well. This day is especially special for Vaishnav followers. Enthusiasm about this day is at its peak all over India and people are very excited about this festival. According to mythological texts, Lord Vishnu took birth as Yogeshwar Shri Krishna on Krishna Paksha Ashtami of Bhadrapada month to free the earth from all sinners.
In this incarnation of his, he did the work of destroying the evildoers and the unrighteous from the earth. Along with this, he gave the message of truth and religion to humanity in the form of Gita. This is the reason that this day is celebrated as his birthday with so much fanfare in many other countries including India.
How Janmashtami is celebrated – Custom and Tradition of Janmashtami
The festival of Janmashtami is celebrated in different ways by different sects. Considering Shrimad Bhagwat as evidence, the followers of Smarta sect celebrate the festival of Chandrodaya Vyapani Ashtami i.e. Janmashtami in Rohini Nakshatra. The festival of Janmashtami is celebrated by the followers of Vaishnava sect on Ashtami and Udaykal Rohini Nakshatra on Udaykal Vyapani. The festival of Janmashtami is celebrated in different ways across the country.
In some states of the country, the program of Dahi Handi is organized on this day, while in some places Holi is played. The grandest event of Janmashtami is seen in Mathura. Along with this, various types of tableaux are decorated in temples on this day, drama of Lord Krishna’s birth anniversary is staged and his Raslilas are also organized. In many places, people stay awake till midnight on this day and people sing bhajans throughout the night by making an idol of Shri Krishna and swinging it in the cradle.
On this occasion, devotees from all over the country and abroad reach Mathura Shri Krishna birthplace to have darshan of Lord Shri Krishna. Along with this, the festival of Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated in a grand manner in many other places in India. In these following temples, a grand celebration of Krishna Janmashtami festival is held.
1.Krishna Janmabhoomi, Mathura
2.Dwarkadhish Temple, Dwarka
3.Bihariji Temple, Vrindavan
Janmashtami worship method
Like every festival, there is a special way of celebrating the festival of Janmashtami, many people keep fast on this day, while many people also go to temples on this day. For the devotees of Lord Shri Krishna, this day is no less than a festival, on this day they sing songs and hymns in praise of Shri Krishna throughout the night. If we worship Lord Shri Krishna on this day by the given methods. So we get its special result.
On this day the idol of Lord Krishna should be bathed and dressed in yellow clothes. After this, they should be adorned with yellow colored ornaments. After makeup, swing them on the swing. Those who observe fast on this occasion.
They should bathe at 11 o’clock in the night and worship Lord Shri Krishna according to the scriptures and after 12 o’clock in the night, after the birth of Lord Shri Krishna, he should be anointed with milk, curd, ghee, misri and Gangajal. After this, after offering sugar candy, panjari and butter in the end, worship of Lord Krishna should be done duly.
Many married women also observe a fast to get children. Along with this, unmarried women keep fast on Shri Krishna Janmashtami to get the blessings of Lord Shri Krishna. On this day, they do not consume any kind of food, fruits and water.
On this day, she observes a completely Nirajal fast and eats something only after worshiping in the night. According to the date, this fast of Krishna Janmashtami can also be long, usually it is for one day but according to the Hindu calendar sometimes it ends on the second day. This is the reason that women observing the fast of Krishna Janmashtami sometimes have to fast for two days.
Modern Tradition of Janmashtami
There have been many changes in the festival of Krishna Janmashtami than before. These changes have worked to make this festival even more popular. Due to which this festival is celebrated with great pomp not only in India but all over the world. In today’s time people observe fast on this day and sing hymns in the memory of Lord Shri Krishna.
In the region of Braj, this festival is organized very grandly. In Mathura, the gaiety of this day is no less than Holi or Diwali. Along with this, decorations and special worship are done on this day in all the Krishna temples of the country. Vaishnava organizations like ISKCON have promoted this festival a lot in foreign countries as well. This is the reason why this festival is also celebrated with great pomp in the cities of western countries like New York, Paris, California and Moscow.
Significance of Janmashtami
The festival of Janmashtami is one of the main festivals of Hindu. It is believed that this is the day when Yogeshwar, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was born on earth in the form of Shri Krishna. This incarnation was taken by Lord Vishnu to reduce the burden of the earth and to destroy the sinners from the earth and to establish religion.
Along with this, in the form of Shri Krishna incarnation, he had also given the message of religion, truth, human welfare and moral values to humanity through Gita. His message given to humanity in the form of Gita is so important that in today’s time the eagerness to read and understand it remains by the followers of Hinduism as well as the followers of other religions.
History of Janmashtami
About 5000 thousand years ago, Lord Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was born on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada month. There are many historical and mythological stories about the origin of the festival of Krishna Janmashtami. A similar story is also described in Skanda Purana. According to which, in Kaliyuga, Devkinandan Shri Krishna was born on the eighth day of Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada month.
Similarly, according to Bhavishya Purana, a person who does not fast on the day of Krishna Ashtami in the Shukla Paksha of Bhadrapada month is born as a cruel demon in the next life.
According to the Puranas, it is considered to be the eighth incarnation of Vishnu, it is the grandest incarnation of Lord Vishnu’s sixteen arts. He was born on the midnight of Bhadrapada Krishna Ashtami in Rohini Nakshatra as the son of Devaki and Vasudeva and was born in the jail of Mathura. It was raining heavily at the time of his birth, there was a thick darkness all around.
As soon as Shri Krishna was born, Vasudeva’s shackles were opened, the doors of the prison opened themselves and all the guards fell into a deep sleep. With the help of God, his father Vasudeva crossed the overflowing river and took him to his friend Nandagopa. Where he was raised and grew up. After this, he killed Kansa, freed the people of Mathura from the tyranny of Kansa and committed to establish Dharma by preaching the Gita to Arjuna in Mahabharata.