essay on Is Farm Bill 2020 in favor of farmers in English

About 65% of India’s population is dependent on agriculture for income and livelihood. The farmer is said to be the strongest foundation of the country because food is important for human life and its source is the farmer. Agriculture also plays a major role in India’s economic development. In today’s situation, the condition of farmers is very bad. The farmer cannot even meet his daily needs.

From time to time the government takes steps to get the farmers out of this miserable situation. In the same direction, the Government of India has approved the new Agriculture Bill 2020 by amending the old Agriculture Bill.

Long essay on Is Farm Bill 2020 in favor of farmers in English

1200 word essay

Preface

The Government of India has approved the new Agriculture Bill 2020 with the objective of doubling the income of farmers. The law provides for the protection of farmers from intermediaries and for them to earn extra income without any tax by selling their produce anywhere in the country.

The Indian government has said that the law is fully in favor of the farmers and will bring about a positive change in their current situation.

What is the new Farmers Bill 2020?,

In September 2020, the Indian Parliament passed three new Agriculture Act Amendments to the Agriculture Act, commonly known as the Kisan Bill. It was approved by the Lok Sabha on 17 September 2020 and by the Rajya Sabha on 20 September 2020. It has been named as Agriculture Reforms Act 2020 due to the agreement to amend the agricultural regulations. Which is something like-

1. Farmer Product Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (Farmer Product Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilities) Act, 2020)

  • The farmer can also sell his crop outside the registered market or mandai. No tax will be levied on them.
  • Allows installation of electronic trading system.

2. Agreement on Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Price Guarantee and Agricultural Services Act, 2020

  • Farmers and traders, through contract farming or contract farming, will pre-determine the exchange rate of the product.
  • If the crop fails, not only the farmers but also the contracting company will have to pay compensation.
  • In case of dispute, the system will be set up.

3. Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020

  • Cereals, edible oils, pulses, oilseeds, onions, potatoes will be excluded from the list of essential commodities. This means that they will not be controlled by the government except in cases of war and disaster.
  • Stock limits will only apply when prices rise sharply.

Benefits of New Farmers Bill 2020 approved

  • Farmers have to buy seeds at exorbitant rates while growing crops and prices fall at the time of sale, so the farmer was at a loss. Through contract farming, farmers can sell their crops at a predetermined price.
  • Through the electronic platform, the farmer can sell his crop anywhere from home, which will save his transportation and other expenses and give a good price to the farmer.
  • Private investment in agriculture will increase.
  • Farmers will get relief from intermediaries.
  • Investment in private companies will lead to modernization in agriculture.

Losses due to passage of new Farmers Bill 2020

As we understand that there are advantages as well as disadvantages to anything. We have learned the advantages of the new Farmers’ Bill, now let us know its disadvantages –

  • In the absence of stock limits, farmers and the general public may be exploited by private companies in the future.
  • By selling their crops to the farmers, the employment of the working farmers will be taken away.
  • Farmers may be exploited when there is no proper legal system in contract farming.
  • The “e-NAM” system, which is a form of pre-existing electronic trading system, would be useless.
  • Lack of stock limits will lead to black market and stockpiling.

Why is there opposition to Kisan Bill 2020?

Farmers are protesting as some important issues are not mentioned in the farmers’ bill. The bill does not mention anything about MSP (Minimum Basic Price), so farmers feel that MSP should not be discontinued in future. If the government destroys them, what will happen to the warehouses they have built? Farmers are worried about what will happen to them if they do not get proper income from private traders in future and if the market system is shut down.

What MSP (minimum base price)?

The minimum base price is the price fixed by the government for the crop. At present MSP is applicable on 23 crops such as paddy, sorghum, millet, maize, nachani, pigeon pea, green gram, urad, groundnut, soybean, sunflower, sugarcane, lentil, cotton, wheat, barley, gram, lentil, rapeseed, mustard and hemp. And Copra.

This price is decided by the government before deduction. MSP is a boon for farmers because even if the market price goes down due to extra crop in a given year, the farmer gets a fixed price from the government through MSP.

The rate of MSP is fixed by the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) from time to time based on the cost of cultivation and is sent to the Government for notification. After studying it, the government announces MSP.

What is the solution to the protest?,

The new bill approved by the government has some shortcomings which could lead to extortion of farmers. It could affect the general public in the future. This new agricultural law can be made successful by the government with some changes, such as – a committee should be set up in the context of contract farming, the rules of which should be simple and useful for the farmers and the committee should act in case of any opposition. Find impartial inquiries and solutions

Similarly, the government should consider the legal obligation to apply MSP for crops falling under MSP. This is an easy way for farmers to earn income compared to their expenses.

Conclusion ,Is the new agriculture bill in favor of farmers?,

The new Agriculture Act Bill 2020 approved by the government is as beneficial to the farmers as it is now and may exploit them in the future. Lack of stock limits and lack of legal framework in contract farming can have dire consequences in the future.

However, the government can make some amendments in the new agriculture bill to benefit the farmers. Farmers are our breadwinners, so the government can take steps in the interest of farmers by realizing that they cannot be exploited by new agricultural laws in the future.

 

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