Celebrated on the tenth day of the Shukla Paksha of the month of Ashwin, Dussehra is one of the main festivals of Hinduism. This festival is celebrated with great pomp across the country, especially in the states of North India. This festival of Dussehra is also known as Vijayadashami by the people. This festival gives the message of victory of truth over falsehood.
It is believed that this festival of Dussehra is being celebrated since the Ramayana period, according to mythology, on this day Lord Shri Ram established truth in the world by killing Ravana. This is the reason that on this day the program of Ravana Dahan is also organized at various places across India.
In the year 2021, the festival of Dussehra will be celebrated on Friday, October 15.
Why is Dussehra celebrated? (Why Do We Celebrate Dussehra)
This festival of Dussehra is one of the main festivals of Hinduism, this day is considered a symbol of joy and victory. This festival, known as Dussehra or Vijayadashami, is celebrated after Shardiya Navratri i.e. on the tenth day of Shukla Paksha of Ashwin month. It is believed that whatever work is started on this day, one gets success in it.
Therefore it is considered one of the three most important dates of Hinduism, apart from Dussehra, the other two dates are the Pratipada of Kartik and Chaitra Shukla. According to mythology, on this day Lord Rama killed Ravana. This is the reason why effigies of Ravana are burnt on this day at various places across India.
Since ancient times, this day has been considered a symbol of bravery and valor. For this reason, weapon worship is also performed by Kshatriyas on this day. In ancient times, kings used to go for the Rann Yatra wishing for victory on this day because since ancient times people believed that victory is definitely achieved in any new work on this day.
Along with this, there is also a cultural reason for the festival of Dussehra, as we know that India has always been an agricultural country and since the farmers get their new crop during the festival of Dussehra. Which was considered by him to be the grace of God and in this happiness, he celebrates the festival of Dussehra to thank God.
How To Celebrate Dussehra – Custom And Tradition (How Do We Celebrate Dussehra – Custom and Tradition of Dussehra)
The day of Dussehra is celebrated as the victory of truth and religion. This day holds a special significance culturally in Hinduism. On this day people worship weapons and pray for victory over the obstacles and evils present in their lives. The day of Dussehra is celebrated in different ways across the country but their main form is almost the same and on this day Ravana Dahan is done in most places of the country.
There is such a belief about this day that doing any new work on this day brings success. Along with this, this festival is also celebrated by the farmers with great pomp as they get a new crop during this month.
In many places, there is a tradition of Shami worship on the day of Dussehra because it is believed that when Lord Shri Ram was leaving to climb Lanka, the Shami tree was the first to announce his victory. Along with this, when the Pandavas were spending a year’s exile after twelve years of exile, Arjuna placed his bow on a Shami tree and during the great war, by taking down his bow from the same Shami tree, conquered the enemies. Had it. This is the reason why Shami tree is also worshiped by people on the day of Dussehra.
Along with this, the day of Dussehra is also the last day of Ramlila drama. Grand fairs and exhibitions are also organized on the day of Dussehra. Similarly, Dussehra of Mysore is famous all over the country due to its grandeur. On Dussehra, the palace and streets of Mysore are lit up with lights and elaborately decorated elephant processions are taken out across the city.
Modern Tradition of Dussehra
There has been a lot of change in this festival of Dussehra in today’s time as compared to earlier. Many of these changes are good enough for us and we should try to make them even better. During the festival of Dussehra, we should also take care of the cleanliness of nature and environment because on this day fairs are organized all over the country and various types of food items are being available in these fairs.
After eating these things in the fairs by many people, instead of throwing plastic plates, glasses and other things in the dustbin, they are thrown here and there. Due to which huge piles of garbage are seen at these fair places the next day. Therefore it is our responsibility that along with celebrating the festival, we should also take care of the cleanliness of the environment.
Along with this, this festival gives us the message that no matter how powerful a person who walks on the path of untruth and unrighteousness may become, but one day his downfall is certain. On this day, we should also try to overcome the evils like greed, violence, lies within us. If we take this message of Dussehra in our lives, then we can make this festival even better.
Significance of Dussehra
The day of Dussehra or Vijayadashami is one of the three most auspicious dates in Hinduism. On this day, programs of Ravan Dahan are organized at different places in the country. Which gives us the message of “The victory of truth over untruth is certain.” This day reminds us that we should maintain the coordination of power and never misuse it.
In fact, the ten heads of Ravana to be lit on the day of Dussehra indicate the ten sins of the society and the day we will conquer these ten sins like lust, laziness, lies, ego, anger, greed, attachment, violence, item and theft. So the real significance and message of Dussehra will become meaningful on that day.
In Hinduism, the day of Dussehra is considered the most suitable for starting any new work. Along with this, this day has always been a symbol of valor and bravery. This is the reason that in earlier times, kings used to leave for war on this day. Therefore Maharaja Shivaji, the protector of Hinduism, also left on this day in the war against Aurangzeb.
Being a symbol of the day of valor and valor, weapon worship is also done especially by Kshatriyas on this day. Due to these unique qualities and historical descriptions, this festival of Dussehra has got such an important place in Hinduism.
History of Dussehra
Many mythological and historical stories are famous about the origin of Dussehra. The most popular mythological story about the origin of Dussehra is the story of Ravana slaughter by Lord Rama, according to which-
When Lord Rama was spending his 14 years of exile. Then Ravana, the knower of the four Vedas and the ruler of Lanka, kidnapped Mother Sita by deceit in the arrogance of his power. Being the child of a Brahmin father and a demonic mother, Ravana had a demonic nature along with knowledge.
With the power of his power, he had conquered all the three worlds. In the ego of his power, he had become completely autocratic and unrighteous and to break this ego, Lord Vishnu took the incarnation of Lord Shri Ram.
When Mata Sita was kidnapped by Ravana by deceit. Then Lord Rama attacked Lanka with his devotee Hanuman and the monkey army. In this war, Ravana’s younger brother Vibhishana, who followed the path of righteousness and truth, also supported Lord Shri Ram.
In this war, Lord Shri Ran killed Ravana and destroyed his ego and re-established truth and religion on earth. Since then, on this day, the victory of truth is celebrated by burning the effigy of Ravana in the form of unrighteousness and untruth.
Along with this, it is known from the historical mentions that in view of this religious importance of Dussehra and the importance of Vijayashree. Hindu Shiromani Maharaj Shivaji started the war against Aurangzeb to protect Hinduism.