Timeline (key facts)
- 1907: He was born.
- 1930: Appointed as a teacher of Hindi in Shanti Niketan.
- 1950: Abolition of office at Shanti Niketan and Head of Hindi Department at BHU.
- 1960: Dismissed office at BHU and entered Punjab University, Chandigarh.
- 1957: He was awarded the Padma Bhushan.
- 1973: Won the Sahtia Academy Award.
- 1979: Died May 19.
Biography of Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi.
Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was born on 19 August 1907 in a village (Dubey Ka Chapra) in Blia district of Uttar Pradesh and died on 19 May 1979. His father Anmol Dwivedi was a Sanskrit scholar. Primary education took place in his village school.
In order to pass his master’s degree in astrology as well as his Shastri degree in Sanskrit, he had to study in the traditional school of astrology and Sanskrit. He wrote a number of novels and essays on historical medieval spiritual movements in India, especially the Kabir and Nath sects.
Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi is a great Hindi novelist, famous literary historian, legendary essayist, researcher, eminent writer, scholar, critic of modern times as well as expert in many languages besides Hindi (such as Sanskrit, Gujarati, Pali). , Bengali, Punjabi, Upbharmasa and Prakrit). He was instrumental in the development of Sahitya Shastra and is considered a well-known critic of the textual tradition of Indian writing. It was intended as a bridge between the past and the present. He was greatly influenced by Namur Singh, Shiv Prasad Singh and Vishwanath Tripathi. And those who influenced him were Kabir and Rabindranath Tagore.
He got his passion for astrology and love of Sanskrit from his ancestors. He received his early education in Sanskrit. He completed his Intermediate degree and in 1930 passed the Acharya examination in Astronomy from Banaras Hindu University. From 1940 to 1950 he managed the office of the Hindi director of Vishwa Bharti Bhavan. His close association with Rabindranath Tagore, Kishti Mohan Sen, Vadushikhar Bhattacharya and Banarasi Das Chatterjee was a catalyst for his literary activities.
He was the most prominent and important literary figure in Hindi literature after the time of Acharya Shukla. He worked tirelessly to analyze Hindi literature in many languages, such as Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit, etc. He was an encyclopedic man and his ability to read and write was extraordinary. All his great collections are based on religion, philosophy, linguistics, history and general science. He has written numerous articles, dissertations, journals, reports and memoirs on various topics.
He has authored several books on Hinduism, Tantricism, Jainism, Gandhian studies, Marxism, Shivaism, Vishnuism, Buddhism and Sikhism. The great collection of his writings is known as the Hazari Prasad Dwivedi Collection (or HDP Collection), which is housed for research purposes at IGNCA (Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts, New Delhi). ۔ Her collection, which is housed in IGNCA, was donated by her children to the Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts.
He started his career as a Hindi Professor at Shanti Niketan on 18 November 1930. In 1940, he was promoted to director in the office of Vishwa Bharati Bhavan. During his working life, he met Rabindranath Tagore at Shanti Niketan. He left Shanti Niketan in 1950 and joined Banaras Hindu University as Head of Hindi Department and Lecturer. Meanwhile, he was also elected as a member of the first official language commission set up by the Government of India in 1955. Shortly afterwards, in 1960, he joined Punjab Vishwa Vidyalaya, Chandigarh. He was elected Head of the Department of Hindi and Professor in Punjab Vishwa Vidyalaya.
Hazari Prasad Dwivedi’s Composition (Books)
- Material science
- Character art
- News editing
- News editing and writing
- Research Methods
- Martyonje Ravinder
- Memories of great men
- In short, Prithviraso
- Message Messenger
- Research and survey methods
- The rise of scientific philosophy
- Maithili Shri Ram Chartar Mansa
- Plato’s Republic
- Vedanta Siddhanta Mata Martand
- Brahma Sutra language
- Ram Katha
- The role of Kashmiri Ram Avatar
- Hazari Prasad Dwivedi Grantholi
- Megh Dutt: An old story
- Artistic humor of ancient India
- Easy practice
- Message Messenger
- Memories of Sikh Gurus
- سورہ ادب
- Flow of thought
- Recipes of Nath Sadhus.
- Mantra Tantra
- Megh Dutt is an old story
- Did Rajni’s day pass day by day?
- The history of the struggle for independence
- Language literature and country
- The audience of Indian tradition and dance literature
- Great historical grammar of Hindi language
Stories of Hazari Prasad Dwivedi
- The mangoes ran out again
- Head flowers
- Dance of Lord Mahakal
- After the great death of Mahatma
- Thakurji’s Vitor
- Combining cultures
- Critic’s post
- Stories written by women
- Keto Darshan
- Expansion of the universe
- Wow gone
- What can literary organizations do?
- what shall we do
- The best work of man: literature
- Internal reassurance is also important.
- The biggest solution to the problem
- A new step in literature
- Historical significance of ancient inter-provincial literature
Other great work
He plays a major role in creative and critical literary works. Some of his important works are on the role of literature and early period of Hindi literature. Both these works have given a new impetus to the history of Hindi criticism. The following are some of the works related to the historical analysis of medieval spiritual life in India:
- Medieval religion
- The Role of Hindi Literature
- Charchandra article
- Son of Anamdas
Here are some of his great and notable articles:
- Ashoka’s flowers
- Why do nails grow?
- Flow of thought
- Ideas and arguments
- Festival of Lights
Here are some of his Hindi translations:
- Collection of antiquities management
- Management Chantamani.
- Red canner
- Introduction to the world
Here are some of his works on history:
- Literary communication
- Kalidasa’s beauty plan
- Hindi Literature: Appearance and Development
- Early period of Hindi literature
- Thoughts on modern Hindi literature
- The essence of literature
- A manifestation of beauty
- Medieval Buddhism
Awards and achievements
- Acharya Hazari Prasad Dwivedi was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1957 for his great literary contribution in the field of Hindi.
- He was awarded the Sahtia Academy Award in 1973 for a set of subjects known as Alok Pro.
- He was awarded the post of Professor as well as Head of Hindi Department by Punjab University, Chandigarh.
- He also worked as Rector in Banaras Hindu University.
- He presided over the Hindi Academy of UP in Lucknow.